The first digital passports are being trialled later this year, and the technology could roll out by 2020.
The “Known Traveller Digital Identity” project is being trialled in partnership with The World Economic Forum.
The trial will first take place between Canada and the Netherlands later this year, according to Reuters.
Air Canada and KLM flights to and from Montréal-Trudeau International Airport, Toronto Pearson Airport and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol will be part of the test-run.
Passengers will be able to use their mobile phone with an encrypted information file to replace the chip in the passport.
This will then be used at airport security and border control, alongside fingerprints and facial recognition.
It is hoped that it will speed up arrivals and departures at airports, as well as reduce identity fraud.
It works by building a Known Traveller Status over time, according to the report.
The traveller shares their own bio-metric and biographic information in the application, as well as proof of identity such as bank statements or university degrees.
Visa applications can also be added.
At the airport, the traveller would head to a Known Traveller lane, which will be quicker than normal security queues.
A Known Traveller Digital Identity would update every time you visit a destination, with the information shared between partners each time.
Arne M. Sorenson, President and Chief Executive Officer at Marriott International, explained in the World Economic Forum report: “Technology has drastically changed most aspects of our daily lives yet international travel and the framework of policies that enable it largely look the same as they did 50 years ago.
“Collaboration with industry partners and customers is needed to construct a new framework to pre-vet legitimate, low-risk travellers.
“In turn, government agencies can devote more resources to true threats, improving secure and seamless travel, which will allow more people to see the world.”
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